Sunday, 29th October 1922
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, an ardent nationalist, became the 27th Prime Minister of Italy after the "March on Rome". Benito Mussolini had earlier defy the authority of the king. In order to avoid plunging Italy into a civil war, the king of Italy declared Benito Mussolini as the Prime Minister of Italy. Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party was credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of fascism. Benito Mussolini was powerful and merciless. Mussolini banned all political parties and curtailed personal liberties which made him an official dictator.
Mussolini was the founders of Italian Fascism which included elements of nationalism, corporatism, national syndicalism, expansionism, social progress, and anti-socialism in combination with censorship of subversives and state propaganda. In the years following his creation of the Fascist ideology, Mussolini influenced, or achieved admiration from, a wide variety of political figures.
After taking power, Mussolini was often seen in military uniform.
The law codes of the parliamentary system were rewritten under Mussolini. All teachers in schools and universities had to swear an oath to defend the fascist regime. Newspaper editors were all personally chosen by Mussolini and no one who did not possess a certificate of approval from the fascist party could practice journalism. These certificates were issued in secret; Mussolini thus skillfully created the illusion of a "free press".